Gastric balloon is a silicone balloon that is inflated with air or liquid to a volume of 400-700 cc after it is placed in the stomach. It is a temporary weight loss method applied endoscopically for those who cannot lose weight with diet and exercise, who do not want to have surgery and who have a high risk of surgery. The gastric balloon should be removed after 6 months to 1 year after its placement. It cannot be applied in cases of gastric ulcer, large gastric hernia and pregnancy. Nausea, pain, ulcers, stomach bleeding, gastric perforation, intestinal obstruction are rare complications. The gastric balloon helps you reduce the size of your portions and the frequency of your eating. So you’ll eat less but stay full longer. Your habit of snacking between meals will disappear and you will lose weight. In studies performed with a gastric balloon, a significant regression was found in metabolic syndrome, diabetes, gout and cholesterol-triglyceride levels after 6 months-1 year follow-up.
Gastric Balloon Brands
It is a Russian made balloon that can stay in the stomach for 6 months. With the endoscopic method, it is placed orally under anesthesia and removed in the same way. It is one of the most used balloon brands in Turkey.
The Spatz adjustable balloon system (Spatz Medical, Great Neck, NY) is the only system in which the volume of the balloon can be adjusted. It can be reinflated to reduce balloon-related complaints, or reinflated to increase weight loss effectiveness. Approved for 12 months of use.
Orbera gastric balloon (Apollo Endosurgery,Austin,TX) was approved by the FDA for clinical use in the USA in 2015. It has been used in Europe since 1991. It can remain in the stomach for 12 months.
The Elipse gastric balloon (Allurion Technologies, Wellesley, MA) is unique in that it does not require endoscopy and anesthesia. It dissolves 4-5 months after ingestion and is excreted from the digestive system with feces.
To Whom Can Gastric Balloon Be Applied?
Gastric balloon; Although it is a non-surgical method, it is an endoscopic application. After the balloon is placed in the stomach, it is inflated as much as the doctor deems appropriate. The gastric balloon has a silicone structure and allows the person to reach the feeling of satiety early, as it takes up space in the stomach. It is generally applied to people who cannot lose weight with diet programs or exercises, but do not want to have surgery or whose body mass index is not suitable for surgery. Persons for whom gastric balloon application cannot be performed; They are people who have ulcers in their stomach, have a large gastric hernia or are pregnant. After the gastric balloon is placed, it should be removed after 6 months to 1 year.
How is the Gastric Balloon Inserted?
The gastric balloon is placed in the stomach with the endoscopic method under general anesthesia. The balloon placed in the stomach is inflated with serum using a special extension line and the procedure is completed. Processing time takes around 30 minutes on average. After the patient wakes up, he is kept under observation for a while and can return home within the same day.
After the gastric balloon is inserted, it is removed within 6 months to 1 year. During this period, if the person follows the doctor’s recommendations and pays attention to his eating habits and lifestyle, he reaches the desired weight.
How Should Nutrition Be After Gastric Balloon?
In the gastric balloon application, the stomach will be constantly contracted in order to expel the object sent into the stomach, and this will cause discomfort in the person. However, in order to prevent complications that may develop after the application, some nutrition programs can be followed under the control of a doctor. After the gastric balloon application, herbal teas with a relaxing effect on the stomach can be consumed in order to prevent nausea, cramps and contractions. At the same time, following a natural and balanced nutrition program will prevent complaints.