Age, injury or various diseases can cause wear on the hip joints. Worn hip joints cause pain with movement, walking, sitting and getting up. Movements decrease over time. For this reason, hip replacement surgery may be necessary.
Normal hip joint
The hip joints are one of the largest joints in the body. The ball-shaped head of the femur is inserted into the round groove in the pelvis. Both bone surfaces are covered with a slippery cartilage.
Problematic (arthrosis) hip joint
If the smooth-surfaced slippery cartilages covering the socket in the pelvis and the ball-shaped head of the hipbone and the bone tissues under the cartilage become irregular and rough, arthritis (a disease also known as calcification among the people) occurs in the hip. The arthritic joint becomes painful and difficult to move.
Treatment of the arthritic hip joint
If hip arthritis is in its infancy, other treatment methods can be applied before deciding on total hip replacement surgery. Losing weight and using a cane will reduce pain as it reduces the load on the joint with arthrosis. Anti-inflammatory type pain medications can be helpful in reducing arthritis pain. If the pain due to arthritis in the hip joint cannot be controlled with these methods and prevents the fulfillment of daily activities, total hip replacement surgery is required.
What is total hip replacement?
Parts of the hip prosthesis Parts of the hip prosthesis A socket made of metal and covering it, made of polyethylene plastic, metal or ceramic, is placed in the area of the round groove in the pelvis. The spherical head that forms the upper end of the thighbone (femur) is also replaced with a metal or ceramic prosthesis. Thus, the opposing faces of the joint are replaced with artificial joint parts.
There are those that are attached to their place with a substance called bone cement, and those that are cementless and are attached to the prosthesis by the bone. Considering the characteristics of the patient, the orthopedic surgeon who will perform the surgery makes the choice. This artificial joint, called total hip replacement, provides painless, comfortable movement and walking.
The success of total hip replacement surgery is closely related to the general condition of the patient, bone quality and the range of motion of the joint before the operation. The comfort of movement and daily use to be obtained from patients who have undergone total hip replacement surgery without excessive limitation of joint movement angles and deformities in their bones will be better than patients with severe limitation of movement and severe deformities of the bones. For this reason, timing the surgery correctly and not delaying it will provide better results.